How to Learn Manual Testing: Manual Testing for Beginners

Are you a beginner to manual testing looking for a comprehensive guide to making the foundation of your manual testing? If you are furious that how to learn testing then we help you. Nowadays many students are studying and doing jobs in the IT sector and its very competitive field to build your career as a rising sun.

Today, testing plays a critical role in software development and clearly, and given the speed of deployment testing needs to be fast too. However, a robust strategy cannot be dependent on only one testing format.

There are two types of testing available as Manual Testing and Automation Testing that we can use. However, there is still a list of more than 100+ types of testing, but all testing types are not used in all types of projects.

  • Manual Testing is performed by a human sitting in front of a computer carefully executing the test steps. It will require skilled labour, long time & will imply high costs. It has a critical role in the QA process.
  • Automation Testing means using an automation tool to execute your test case suite. It saves time, cost and manpower. Once recorded, it’s easier to run an automated test suite.

Manual testing is an activity where the tester needs to be very patient, creative & open-minded. All the new application before the automated testing must be tested manually. It requires more efforts, but it is necessary to check automation feasibility. Manual Testing does not require knowledge of any testing tool.

In order to help you, we have compiled an article where you will learn the basic skills and concepts of Software Testing. But before you start to learn about the software testing you should have the basic knowledge of “What is the Manual Testing?”

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Manual Testing:

What is Manual Testing? Manual Testing is a type of Software Testing where Testers manually execute test cases without using any automation tools. We can say that is the process of manually testing software for defects. It is a testing process that is carried out manually in order to find defects without the usage of tools or automation scripting. One of the Software Testing Fundamental is “100% Automation is not possible”.

A test plan document is prepared that acts as a guide to the testing process in order to have the complete test coverage. Manual Testing is a type of Software Testing where Testers manually execute test cases without using any automation tools. Manual Testing is the most primitive of all testing types and helps find bugs in the software system.

The main goal of manual testing is to make sure that the application under test is defect free and the software application is working as per the requirement specification document.

Tool: Though manual testing does not require any automation scripts, there are lots of special tools that help to perform testing the best way: Jira, qTest, TestRail, QACoverage, EasyQA

What are Techniques or Types for Testing?

Following are the testing techniques that are performed manually during the test life cycle:

  • Acceptance Testing
  • White Box Testing
  • Black Box Testing
  • Unit Testing
  • System Testing
  • Integration Testing

Manual Testing Tutorial for Beginners

The main stages for manual testing are: Unit Testing, Integration Testing, System Testing, and User Acceptance Testing.

The main methods of manual testing: Software testing can be broadly classified into the following methods: White Box Testing, Black Box Testing, and Grey Box Testing.

How to perform Manual Testing

  • Read and understand the software project documentation/guides. Also, study the Application Under Test (AUT) if available.
  • Draft Test cases that cover all the requirements mentioned in the documentation.
  • Review and baseline the test cases with Team Lead, Client (as applicable)
  • Execute the test cases on the AUT
  • Report bugs.
  • Once bugs are fixed, again execute the failing test cases to verify they pass.

The Importance of Manual Testing:-

Manual testing is the oldest and most rigorous type of software testing. Manual testing requires a tester to perform manual test operations on the test software without the help of Test automation

  • Manual Testing is eyeball testing
  • Applications with short life cycles.
  • Applications that have GUIs that constantly changes
  • It requires less time and expense to begin productive manual testing.
  • Automation cannot replace human intuition, inference, and inductive reasoning.
  • Automation Testing cannot change course in the middle of a test run to examine something that had not been previously considered.
  • Manual QA testing can be used in both small and big projects.
  • Easily we can update our test case according to project movement.
  • It is covered in the limited cost.
  • Easy to learn for new people who are entered into testing.
  • Manual QA Testing is more reliable than automation (in many cases automation will not cover all cases)
  • Exploratory testing is best done manually
  • Manual testing is cost-efficient for tests run only a few times
  • Manual testing of UI/UX is most effectively done by humans

You can also download the given information in pdf file at How to Learn Manual Testing- Manual Testing Tutorial for Beginners

Chinese Government Scholarship for Chinese Unviersity Program and Silk Road Program

South China University of Technology School of International Education is pleased to offer the Chinese Government Scholarship for Chinese University Program and the Silk Road Program. The scholarships are open to all international students who are non-Chinese national and be in good health.

In order to increase the cooperation and understanding between the people of China and other countries, develop outstanding international talent, SCUT will provide about 70 full scholarships for full-time postgraduate studies under the Chinese government scholarship program.

Provided By: South China University of Technology (SCUT) is one of China’s leading universities. It operates under the direct leadership of the State Ministry of Education.

Key Details:

  • Award Amount: Fully-funded Scholarships
  • Number of Awards: 70
  • Study level: Postgraduate Studies
  • Submission Categories: Online
  • Application Deadline: March 31, 2019

Who May Enter:

To be eligible to apply, applicants must:

  • Applicants must be non-Chinese national and be in good health.
  • Education background and age limit:
  • Applicants studying to earn a Master’s degree must have a Bachelor’s degree and be under the age of 35.
  • Applicants studying to earn a Doctorate degree must have a Master’s degree and be under the age of 40.
  • Applicants may not be in receipt of any other types of scholarship at any universities in China.

Application Procedure:

To participate, there are three ways to apply for the scholarship as:

Step 1: Apply at http://www.csc.edu.cn/Laihua/

  • *Agency No: 10561 Type Category: B
  • Download <APPLICATION FORM FOR CHINESE GOVERNMENT SCHOLARSHIP> (pdf) and Print two copies.

Step 2: Apply at http://scut.edu.cn/apply

  • Submit <APPLICATION FORM FOR CHINESE GOVERNMENT SCHOLARSHIP> (pdf) to the system.
  • All the master’s or doctoral applicants should contact supervisors from professional school in SCUT via mail or interview.
  • The applicants, who pass the assessment by supervisors, please ask the supervisors to sign a <pre-acceptance letters>.
  • Regarding how to contact the supervisor, please find the information via:
  • https://yanzhao.scut.edu.cn/open/TutorList.aspx(Chinese Version)
  • http://www2.scut.edu.cn/sie_en/1197/list.htm(English Version)

Step 3: Following <The Checklist of the SCUT Chinese Government Scholarship Application Material> to prepare your application material. Then please deliver your paper document to the Admissions Office of School of International Education, SCUT.

The Checklist of SCUT Chinese Government Scholarship Application Material: The Application Delivery Address: Admissions Office, School of International Education, SCUT
Room 207, B1 Building, South China University of Technology, University Town Campus, Panyu District, Guangzhou. Postcode: 510006. Tel: 86-20-39381048 or 39381029 or 39382002.

Application Materials:

  • (1)The Checklist of SCUT Chinese Government Scholarship Application Material
  • (2) APPLICATION FORM FOR CHINESE GOVERNMENT SCHOLARSHIP
  • (3) SCUT APPLICATION FORM FOR FOREIGN STUDENTS
  • (4) Front Page of Passport, Visa Page
  • (5) Highest diploma or Pre-graduate Certificate (original copy and notarized photocopy)
  • (6) Academic transcripts (original copy and notarized photocopy) (7) A study or research plan in Chinese or in English (Chinese or English, no less than 500 words).
  • (8) Two recommendation letters in Chinese or English from professors or associate professors
  • (9) A pre-acceptance letter of supervisor issued by SCUT professors or associate professors (Sample Format)
  • (10) The applicants of PhD have to submit Abstract(s) of Graduation Thesis (es) or Published Paper(s)
  • (11) One cassette records for those applying to music programs. Design a portfolio for those applying to architecture programs.
  • (12) Foreigner Physical Examination Form.
  • (13) Regarding Language Certificate

Language requirements for Chinese-medium Programs:

  • -New HSK Band 4 with scores above 180 for Science or Engineering studies;
  • -New HSK Band 5 with scores above 180 for Liberal Arts, Economics, or Management Studies.

Language requirements for English-Medium Programs (only for non-English speaking countries):

  • –TOEFL IBT 80 or above;
  • –IELTS 6.0 above or above.

Applications from English speaking countries: A letter of English as a medium of instruction issued by graduated universities or education institutes

Award Description:

(1) Exempt from registration fee, tuition, and fee for accommodation;

(2) Monthly Living allowance:

– Master’s degree students: RMB 3,000

– Doctorate degree students: RMB 3,500

(3) Comprehensive Medical Insurance for International Students in China.

Official Website

Dream Go Scholarship for International Students

Welcome to apply for the scholarship and learn more about Dream Go!!! Dream Go, Inc. is pleased to announce the Dream Go Scholarship. They play a pivotal role in shaping the academic “dreams” of the students. The program is open to international students who have a GPA of 3.0 or higher.

They paint a dream formalizing a supportive platform for international students without incurring payment fees. Therefore, Dream Go Inc proudly provides international students from China with Scholarship up to 1000 dollars per semester.

Provided By: Dream Go, Inc is a multifaceted International-Student Oriented Educational Consulting Company based in New York City. The company’s sole dedication is to commit quality educational services with respect to college and university applications and to its adaptive functions.

Key Details:

  • Award Amount: Up to 1000 dollars per semester
  • Number of Awards: Varies
  • Study level: High school graduation
  • Requirement: GPA 3.0 or higher
  • Application Deadline: Please apply prior to Mar. 31st, 2019

Who May Enter:

The following criteria will be taken into account when considering all applications:

  • How interesting or helpful we think your statement is
  • GPA (must be 3.0 or higher)
  • Only one application per student
  • Only international student
  • Employees of Dream Go Inc and their immediate relatives are not eligible
  • Dream Go Inc reserves the right to verify all information, including the date of high school graduation and school enrollment status

Application Procedure:

To enter, you must submit a complete scholarship application via email to scholarship@dreamgo.com. Incomplete applications or those that contain excessive grammatical errors will not be considered.

  • Letters of recommendation

Award Description:

  • The program will provide up to 1000 dollars per semester
  • The winners will be selected by the owners, management, and staff of Dream Go Inc.
  • The scholarship check will be sent directly to the college or university of the recipient.

Official Website

If you have any question, ask at scholarship@dreamgo.com or call 646-838-3466

Yaasa Scholarships

The Yaasa is pleased to offer its Yaasa Scholarships. They are committed to continuing their efforts at helping those who have the desire to pursue their dreams and the ambition to succeed. The scholarships are available to all high school juniors and seniors as well as all students currently registered in any accredited post-secondary institution.

Key Details:

  • Award Amount: $1,000
  • Number of Awards: Varies
  • Study level: High school juniors and seniors
  • Requirement: Essay
  • Submission Categories: Online
  • Application Deadline: June 14, 2019

Who May Enter:

To be eligible to apply, applicants must:

All high school juniors and seniors as well as all students currently registered in any accredited post-secondary institution.

Application Procedure:

To apply for this scholarship, you will need to write an essay on the topic below. The essay should be between 500 and 1000 words. Your submissions must be sent to us by email at scholarships@yaasa.com.

Topic: Describe your educational career and life goals. Explain your plan for achieving these goals. Include your degree/major, why you selected it, and how this degree/major will help you achieve your goals.

Award Description:

  • The winner(s) of this annual scholarship will receive their $1000 award within 2 weeks of the listed deadline.
  • All applicants should include their full name and mailing address with their submissions as well as the school they are currently attending.

Official Website